The population of England in 1690 is estimated at 5 million.

In 1697 a window tax is levied in England, placed on any house which had more than six windows. To evade the tax many householders bricked up a number of their windows!

In 1698 a poll tax levied in England is abandoned because of its unpopularity.

The next one, imposed nearly 300 years later, virtually brings down the government!

.......  And another unpopular tax - one on beards - is

imposed the same year by Peter I of Russia, anxious

to bring his country in line with Western culture!

The first Eddystone lighthouse is completed in 1700, but the tower is destroyed in a gale three years later.

InxLondon the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel is founded by the philanthropist Dr Thomas Bray in 1701.

In 1701 William III grants a charter to weavers in Axminster and Wilton for the making of carpets.


In 1693 a jewel bearing the name and portrait of King Alfred the Great - and probably commissioned by him - is found in an area of marshland near Athelney in Somerset. It is now in the Ashmolean museum, Oxford.

The Bank of England is founded by the Scottish merchant William Paterson. A few

years later he attempted to establish a colony at Darien on the Isthmus of Panama

but his wife and child died out there, and sickness forced his own return.

Gas lighting is introduced in London in 1694.

In 1690 the English establish a trading post at Calcutta on the West coast of India.


ThexEnglish physician Sir John Floyer writes in praise of spa water. It

is said that in 1697 he was the first doctor to count a patient's pulse rate.


Calcutta: by the English engraver Elisha Kirkall (c1682-1742), dated 1735,