SAMUEL HAHNEMANN 1775 -
(G3a, G3b, G3c, G4, W4, Va)
xxxxxThe German physician Samuel Hahnemann was the founder of homeopathy, a method of medicine expounded in his major work Organon of Rational Medicine in 1810. First put forward in 1796, this claimed that a disease could be cured or alleviated by administering minute doses of the drugs or other treatment that cause the symptoms of the disease in a healthy person. These small doses, he argued, accelerated the body’s self-
xxxxxThe German physician Samuel Hahnemann was born in Meissen, Germany, and studied medicine at Leipzig and Vienna. He worked for a few years in Dresden, and then moved to Leipzig in 1789. It was here, while working on the effects of quinine the following year, that he developed the idea -
xxxxxHe called his revolutionary treatment “homeopathy”, and attempted to put it into practice in a number of towns in Germany. By providing his remedies free of charge, he hoped to encourage their use, but this idea of “like curing like” aroused a great deal of opposition among his fellow practitioners and local apothecaries. Many felt his treatment to be dangerous, and he was prosecuted on a number of occasions for what was considered to be an illegal form of medicine. In 1821 he was eventually obliged to leave Leipzig. For the next fourteen years he lived and practised in the city of Kothen, north of Halle in east-
xxxxxAt that time of its introduction, homeopathy was certainly seen by many as a welcome alternative to such methods as purging and bleeding -
xxxxxAnother physician at this time whose ideas were not readily accepted was the German anatomist and physiologist Franz Joseph Gall (1758-
xxxxxFor many years phrenology continued to be practised by quacks and charlatans, and, when finally disproved, became a subject of derision. However, Gall’s research into the various functions of the brain and their particular location did stimulate an interest in the study of cerebral physiology.
xxxxxIncidentally, Gall began collecting human and animal skulls, together with wax moulds of brains, in 1792. Within ten years he had amassed 300 skulls and 120 plaster castes.
xxxxxFarxless controversial at this time was the research conducted by the English neurologist James Parkinson (1755-
Hahnemann: date and artist unknown. Gall: by the Austrian lithographer Joseph Lanzedelly (1774-
Franz Joseph Gall