La France: contemporary cigarette card – to be seen via the Digital Public Library of America, New York Public Library. Jack the Ripper: licensed under Creative Commons – http://bakerstreet.wikia.com/wiki/Jack_the_Ripper. Niagara Falls: licensed under Creative Commons – http://wikichoices.com. Flying machine: from www.flysteam.co.uk/history.htm.
1885 The gas mantle is invented by the
Austrian scientist Carl von Welsbach (1858-
1882 witnesses the death of English cricket following
Australia’s first win at the Oval. This is the start of the
Ashes series between the two countries.
1890 ThexForth Railway Bridge, the world’s first major steel bridge, is opened. Begun in 1883 and one and a half miles long, it spans the Firth of Forth some nine miles west of Edinburgh, Scotland.
1891 CarnegiexHall opens in New York .. andxwork begins on the Trans-
Canal opens to shipping in 1893.
Built by a French company,
1882 ThexChurch Army is
founded by Wilson Carlile (1847-
AnakxKrakatoa, a volcano in Indonesia, erupts, killing over 36,000 people.
ThexMetropolitan Opera House opens in New York.
Thexfamous Orient Express makes its first journey from Paris to Istanbul, a 2,000 mile trip which crosses seven frontiers and takes over three days.
1884 ThexUniversal Time
1884 LaxFrance, the first practical airship , makes its first fully controlled free flight. Made by two French army engineers, it travels about five miles at a speed of 14 mph.
The first steel-
The Statue of Liberty, 305ft high, arrives for erection in New York harbour.
The Washington Monument, 555ft high is completed.
1887 Following the work by Edison and Bell, the German scientist Emil
stalks the Whitechapel area of London, killing five prostitutes.
___ The first railway line is opened in China. ___
ThexAmerican showman Samuel Franklin Cody opens his first Wild West Show.
The anthropologist Francis Galton publishes the first of three books on fingerprints. His method of classifying them is accepted by the courts.
Bookxmatches, introduced by the American inventor Joshua Pusey
become very popular in the United States.
And the Scottish scientist James Dewar
thermos flask. It goes on sale in 1904.
becomes the gateway to a new life in the New World for the many.
New Zealand becomes the first country in the world to give the vote to women.
The is founded to care for the coastline, countryside and historic buildings in
England, Wales and Ireland.
1895 A hydroelectric generating station begins production at the Niagara Falls.
ThexAustrian physician Karl Landsteiner
1887 ThexPolish musician and (later)
statesman Ignancy Jan Paderewski
one of the greatest pianists of all time, makes his musical debut in Vienna.
The Tate Gallery is opened in London.