licensed under Creative Commons – logos.wikia.com/Wells_Fargo. First
Aeroplane: Sir George Cayley in his 1849 “Boy
Carrier” – The Aviation History Online Museum (http://aviation-
of nine shipwrecked seamen. But her
fame was short-
yeas later. Hundreds attended her funeral and the Queen sent a message of sympathy.
1841 The dwarf Tom Thumb starts work in
Phineas Taylor Barnum’s exhibition of freaks and curios. He was just 25 inches in height and weighed 15 lbs. He later appeared before Queen Victoria.
The first Grand National steeplechase is run at Aintree, Liverpool, England.
The first Royal Regatta is held on the Thames at Henley, Oxfordshire.
The distinguished Union general Abner Doubleday is credited with inventing the game of baseball, first played on Elihu Phinney’s cow pasture in Cooperstown, New York, in 1839. However, he himself never claimed to be the inventor!
1840 Work begins on the rebuilding of the Houses of Parliament, London, designed by Charles Barry, assisted by the English architect Augustus Welby Pugin.
The Belgian Antoine-
in Trafalgar Square, London, is completed in 1843.
The Corinthian granite column is
some 170 ft high, and before the 18 ft figure of Nelson was put in
place, 14 stonemasons sat down to dinner on the platform at the top!
The statue was by the English sculptor Edward Hodges Bailey (1788-
The Portland Vase, a Roman vase from the 1st century, is smashed to pieces by a vandal. It was painstakingly restored but 37 fragments were missing. These came to light in 1948 and after several attempts the vase was successfully restored in 1987. At one time owned by the Duke of Portland, it can be seen in the British Museum, London.
American Elias Howe (1819-
Duringxan evening in 1847
the Reverend Henry Francis Lyte, sitting
in his garden overlooking Torbay in Devon, England, composes the
words of the world-
A French gardener, Joseph Monier, invents reinforced concrete for garden tubs and, later, beams and posts.
The American Schooner America wins the first yacht race
around the Isle of Wight in 1851 and gives its name to the
annual yacht race, won continuously by America until 1983!
In that year Australia II won the America’s Cup and broke the
winning streak, the longest run of wins achieved in any sport.
In America Wells Fargo and Company is founded in 1852 to provide banking facilities and a stagecoach service. Initially formed in response to the Californian Gold Rush, it soon starts operating across the nation.
The major part of the plan is completed by 1870, but work goes on to the end of the century.
The German Henry Steinway (Heinrich E. Steinweg) and his sons begin
manufacturing in New York in 1853 and soon gain a reputation for the quality of their work. Three years later his fellow countryman, Karl
Bechstein founds his piano factory in Berlin and builds some of the finest
instruments of his day. Over the next fifty years his factory produced more
than 62,000 pianos and grand pianos.
(It was later moved to a
chemist Robert Bunsen (1811-
The longest fight in bare knuckle boxing (fisticuffs)
The ship’s bell, salvaged from the
wreck of HMS Lutine in 1858
In the French town of Lourdes, a young girl named Bernadette Soubirous claims to have seen visions of the Virgin Mary over a five month period in 1858. Later declared authentic by the Pope, the grotto where the appearances occurred becomes a place of pilgrimage, visited by thousands of Christians every year.
1859 the 13-
In 1859 the French acrobat Charles
Blondin crosses the Niagara Falls on a tightrope.
In 1859, after a great deal of difficulty, the American Edwin Drake drills the first oil well at Titusville, Pennsylvania, and collects oil in a bath tub. But the man who founded the oil industry failed to patent his drilling invention and so made very little money out of his find!
The world’s first Dog Show is held in Newcastle, Northumberland, England, in 1859.
Queensland breaks away from New South Wales and makes Brisbane its capital city.
Start of the British open golf championship.
Return of the Welsh eisteddfod.
In 1861 a telephone wire is strung across
the United States from New York to San Francisco, heralding the beginning of the
end for the pony express.
The Frenchman Pierre
A glider, designed by the English
inventor Sir George Cayley (1773-